Fendi Adiatmono, Arif Rivai


The essence of the Stone Age, mountain, and river heritage, has occupied an important role in culture. So far, it can reflect much of the trust and value of its people. Historical, aesthetic, anthropological, and symbolic studies of archaeological discoveries in the region have been able to reveal prehistoric culture. The focus of this section, especially how culture is developed, symbols are built and the appreciation of transmission of inheritance. It is related to the software and hardware of the royal government that was formed to be able to balance the mandate of the management of the land of the archipelago. In the field of history, aesthetics, anthropology, and symbols, the dimensions of life cycle are presented as dialectical patterns of view. It is found that small, large, and representative entities are patterns of view that have been applied dynamically to everyday life. Through a comprehensive approach to the history of society and artevactual, apart from its constitutional history, the authors emphasizes the analysis of social formation by looking at the processes occurring within societies with broader disciplinary comparations. Through the applied method of psychological Sunan Bonang, the Indonesian people are inspired and can have a good system of anthropological and psychological intelligence. Research of this book uses theory and method which are relevant with object and subject matter. So the context that is built into legitimate, in text, oral and visual, both present (represented by Arif Rivai Rumin's work) and past (pradakon Majapahit, Ancient Mataram, Pajajaran, Kuningan, Jambi, and Padang) have been used as reconstruction. The content of the study and his work inspires the public's sensitivity in formulating nationality through the compilation of software and hardware in a more integral way. The ultimate goal is the point of awareness, which makes filters and counters a global power that seeks to make all the people of Indonesia. Keywords: pradakon, intellectual people of Indonesia

Keywords: pradakon, intellectual people of Indonesia

Full Text:



Adiatmono, Fendi. 2014. Weeskamer.

Yogyakarta: Deepublish.

Adiatmono, Fendi. 2016. Gorontalonology.

Yogyakarta: Deepublish.

Adiatmono, Fendi. 2016. Ornaments.

Yogyakarta: Deepublish.

Adiatmono, Fendi. 2016. Qualitative Writing

Method of Art. Yogyakarta: Deepublish.

Adiatmono, Fendi. 2017. "Sawerigading", Book

of Colophon, Issue 2. Vol. 2.Balai Bahasa

Sumatera Utara.

Adiatmono, Fendi. 2017. Kuninganologi,

Yogyakarta: Deepublish.

Adiatmono, Fendi. 2018. "The Trisula of

Kuningan", in Journal of International

Technology and Science Publications.

London: ITS.

Adiatmono, Fendi. November 4, 2017. "The

Weapons Kingdom of Brass". in

International Conference "Education and

Cultural Heritage" ICECH. Brussels


Altman, Irwin and Chemers. 1984. Culture and

Environtment. Monterey: Brooks / Cole

Pub. Co.

Bastein. 2016. Fastenofer, Blouring Jumwacht,

Material F Gruppenstunden, Pilipinas:


Chris Gifford, James Bley, Dayo Ajayi, and Zach

Thompson. 2008. Searching and Game

Playing: An Artificial Intelligence

Approach to Mancala.

De Voogt. Alex. 2010. Philippine Sungka and

Cultural Contact in Southeast Asia. Asian

Ethnology Volume 69. New York:,

American Museum Natural History

Dunn, Emili. 2008. East Asian History. Australia:

Institute of Advanced Studies The

Australian National University.

Flores, Penelope V. 1998. Sungka: A Game Full

Of Holes. Filipinas: March.

James T. Siegel, "The Curse of the Photograph:

Atjeh, 1901" in Henk Sculte Nordholt,

Bambang Purwanto, and Ratna Saptari

(ed.), New Perspectives of Historical

Writing of Indonesia. Jakarta: TorchKITLV, 2008.

Koentjaraningrat. 1958. Anthropological

Methods in Indonesian. Society and

Cultural Investigation. Jakarta: Publishing

University Djakarta.

Larry Russ, 2000. The Complete Mancala Games

Book. New York: Marlowe & Company.

Livanos, Christopher. 2011. "A Case Study in

Byzantine Dragon-Slaying: Digenes and

the Serpent", in Oral Tradition Journal

-144. Taiwan: Shih Hsin University.

Loubere, Nicholas. 2010. "Is China Conforming

to a Westernized Global Culture? An

Assimilation Theory Analysis of Chinese

Western Cultural Relations ". Graduate

Journal of Asia Pacific Studies 7: 1. China:

Xiamen University.

Malinar, A. 2012. Purity and Impurity - Brills

Encyclopedia of Hinduism. Leiden: Bril.

Markus Mannberg. 2016. Transgressiv

ritualpraktik inom hinduismen En studie

om śaivitisk vāmācāra-tantra i ljuset av den

ortodoxa hinduismens fstlse av

(o)renhet. Lunds Universitet: Centrum

F Teologi Och Religionsvetenskap.

Maryaeni. 2012. Cultural Research Methods.

Jakarta: Earth Literacy.

Matthew Bardeen. 2008. Coevolution of

Mancala Players, COGS, Filiphina: University

of Sussex.

Pertti Alasuutari. 1993. Research Culture,

Qualitative Methods and Cultural Studies

(Sage Publications Inc.,.) Quoted by R.M.

Soedarsono, Research Methodology of

Performing Arts and Art (Bandung:

Indonesian Performing Arts Society, 1999.

Purwanto, Bambang. 28 September 2004.

"Academic Historian and Disorientation

Historiography: An Otokritik", Inaugural

Speech of Professorship at Faculty of

Cultural Sciences Gadjah Mada

University. Yogyakarta.

Robert Snapp. 2012. Mancala. Filiphina:

Department of Computer Science University of


Roojen, Pepin van. 2001. Batik Design.

Netherlands: Pepin Press.

Teparić, Meliha. 2013. "Representation in the

Arabic Calligraphy", Epiphany: Journal of

Transdiciplinary Studies Vol. 6, No. 2.

University of Sarajevo: Faculty of Arts and

Social Sciences.

Thomas Wilson, 1896. The Swastika.

Washington: Government Printing Office.

Usman S. 2006. Community Development and

Empowerment. Yogyakarta: Student



  • There are currently no refbacks.