Riswanto Riswanto


The study's overarching objective is to determine whether or not CSR improves students' reading comprehension. Twenty-five students from one public secondary school in Bengkulu Tengah served as the study's sample. The study used a pre- and post-test to gather data in a quasi-experimental equivalent time-series design. Since there is only one group in the research, a control group is unnecessary. The normality of the data was a prerequisite for using the one sample t-test formula to assess the hypothesis. In this study, the researchers employed the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test to examine whether or not the data were normally distributed. The results of this research showed that the experimental group's class post-test mean score of 83.54 exceeded the class pre-test mean score of 51.94. Based on the findings, it is clear that the Collaborative Strategic Reading (CSR) approach significantly improved students' ability to understand what they read.


collaborative strategic reading; reading comprehension; time series design

Full Text:



Abidin, M. J. Z., & Riswanto. (2012). Collaborative strategic reading (CSR) within cognitive and metacognitive strategies perspectives. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science, 2(3), 31-40.

Aini, N., Program, E. E., Thaha, S., Jambi, S., & Zurnelly, N. (2021). The survey of students’ interest in reading book at SMPN 1 and SMP N 6 Jambi city. Journal of Research in English Language Teaching JR-ELT, 4(2), 12–22.

Amjadi, A., & Talebi, S. H. (2021). Extending the efficacy of Collaborative Strategic Reading (CSR) in teaching reading strategies: A socio-cultural emotional perspective. Language Teaching Research, 136216882110115.

Anggeraini, Y., Novarita, N., & Afifah, N. (2018). Collaborative Strategic Reading in EFL reading classroom. ETERNAL (English Teaching Journal), 9(2), 34-47.

Anwar, A. K. (2020). The effect of Collaborative Strategic Reading toward students reading skill. Anglophile Journal, 1(1), 21-28.

Ardianti, A., Amalia, S., & Monalisa. (2021). An Analysis of teachers’ strategy in teaching reading comprehension. Journal of Research in English Language Teaching JR-ELT, 4(2), 40–50.

Babapour, M., Ahangari, S., & Ahour, T. (2019). The effect of shadow reading and collaborative strategic reading on EFL learners’ reading comprehension across two proficiency levels. Innovation in Language Learning and Teaching, 13(4), 318–330.

Chatterjee, R., & Correia, A.-P. (2020). Online students’ attitudes toward collaborative learning and sense of community. American Journal of Distance Education, 34(1), 53–68.

Dardjito, H. (2019). Students’ metacognitive reading awareness and academic English reading comprehension in EFL context. International Journal of Instruction, 12(4), 611–624.

E, Y. A., Rafli, Z., & Nuruddin. (2022). Teaching reading by collaborative strategic reading: An action research. English Review: Journal of English Education, 10(2), 465–474.

Gilakjani, A. P., & Sabouri, N. B. (2016). How can students improve their reading comprehension skill? Journal of Studies in Education, 6(2), 229-240.

Harmi, H., Ramdhani, M. I., Amalia, S., Apriani, E., Syafryadin, S., Supardan, D., & Zarin, I. (2022). How great is the level of youth cultural sensitivity? A multicultural education from one ethnic in Indonesia. Education Research International, 2022, 1–9.

Hautala, J., & Schmidt, S. (2019). Learning across distances: an international collaborative learning project between Berlin and Turku. Journal of Geography in Higher Education, 43(2), 181–200.

Herlisya, D., Marcela, E. D., Anum, A., Wiratno, P., Subari, I. (2022). Collaborative strategic reading to improve students’ reading comprehension. Attractive : Innovative Education Journal, 4(1), 360-367.

Hunaidah., Susantini, E., Wasis., Prahani, B. K., & Mahdiannur, M. A. (2018). Improving collaborative critical thinking skills of physics education students through implementation of CinQASE learning model. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1108, 012101.

Jannah, M. (2020). Improving English learning culture through learning motivation. Jurnal Studi Budaya Nusantara, 4(2), 118-132.

Johnson. R. B., & Christensen, L. (2020). Educational research quantitative, qualitative, and mix approaches (7th edition). SAGE Publications, Inc.

Kabir, F. M., & Kiasi, G. A. (2018). The effect of collaborative strategic reading on EFL learners’ reading comprehension and vocabulary knowledge. European Journal of Foreign Language Teaching, 3(1), 1–16.

Kusumawati, R., Hobri, & Hadi, A. F. (2019). Implementation of integrated inquiry collaborative learning based on the lesson study for learning community to improve students’ creative thinking skill. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1211, 012097.

Muhammad, L., Guntur, F., & Pordanjani, S. R. (2019). Exploring the challenges of reading comprehension teaching for English proficiency test preparation class in Indonesia. Indonesia. ELS Journal on Interdisciplinary Studies in Humanities, 2(3), 321–330.

Nanda, D. W., & Azmy, K. (2020). Poor reading comprehension issue in EFL classroom among Indonesian secondary school students: Scrutinizing the causes, impacts and possible solutions. Englisia: Journal of Language, Education, and Humanities, 8(1), 12-24.

Nurmawati., Amalia, S., & Ramdhani, M. I. (2021). Enhancing students’ reading comprehension by using Jigsaw technique. Jurnal Ilmiah Bina Bahasa, 14(2), 131–140.

Oktarina, H. (2022). EFL students’ attitude toward collaborative strategic reading in reading classroom. Journal of Education and Teaching (JET), 4(1), 1–19.

Oktorianisarry, M., Yulitriana, Y., Nova, S. I., & Norahmi, M. (2023). Effect of collaborative strategic reading (CSR) on students’ reading comprehension of narrative text. EBONY: Journal of English Language Teaching, Linguistics, and Literature, 3(1), 23–32.

Ometlit. (2023, February). Penelitian experimen: Jenis dan bentuk desainnya.

Sari, A. M., Sutiyono, A., & Wiratno, P. (2022). The influence of collaborative strategy reading towards students’ reading comprehension. Journal Ilmiah Mahasiswa, 4(2), 1–6.

Sari, Y. A., Suhono, Utama, F., & Yawisah, U. (2019). Request and politeness strategy by Native Dayanese at OKU South Sumatra Indonesia. International Journal of Applied Linguistics & English Literature, 8(1), 230–235.

Suhono, S., & Sari, Y. A. (2017). Retrofitting Javanese traditional games as Indonesia culture identity: Providing English vocabulary. Jurnal Iqra’, 2(1), 213-226.

Susanti, A., Retnaningdyah, P., Ayu, A. N. P., & Trisusana, A. (2020). Improving EFL students’ higher order thinking skills through collaborative strategic reading in Indonesia. International Journal of Asian Education, 1(2), 43–52.

Universities Libraries. (2023, January 27). SPSS tutorial : One sample t test. Ken State University.

Wahyuni, I. F. (2021). The assessment of Indonesian EFL students’ reading comprehension ability using Reading Evaluation and Decoding System (READS). UAD TEFL International Conference, 2, 240-245.

Warsah, I., Morganna, R., Uyun, M., Hamengkubuwono, H., & Afandi, M. (2021). The Impact of Collaborative Learning on Learners’ Critical Thinking Skills. International Journal of Instruction, 14(2), 443–460.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2023 English Review: Journal of English Education