Yahya Ashour Alkhoudary, Jehad Ashour AlKhoudary


This study examines the impact of flipped learning on ESL students' speaking skills. Basically, secondary school students lack out-of-class instruction to review and study teaching materials independently since there is no opportunity to practice speaking skills outside the class. Therefore, the availability of the technological device in everyone's hand may help to enhance speaking if they are monitored regularly. The qualitative and quantitative approach is employed. The participants consisting of (40) Omani secondary school students, were divided into two groups (20) in the Experimental Group (E. G) and (20) in the Controlled Group (C.G). Pre-and post-tests were managed to both groups before using flipped classroom (FC) as a scaffolding of teaching speaking to non-native learners. Besides, a questionnaire was administered to. The results revealed that E.G excelled in the C.G. Also, it showed a positive attitude towards flipping as a learning strategy.

Full Text:



Aaron, S., & Bergmann, J. (2012). Flip your classroom: Reach every student in every class every day. Washington, D.C: ISTE.

Abeysekera, L. & Dawson, P. (2015). Motivation & cognitive load in the flipped classroom: Definition, rationale, and a call for research. Higher Education Research & Development, 34(1), 1-14. Retrieved from

Akarawang, C., Kidrakran, P., & Nuangchanlerm, P. (2015). Enhancing ICT competency for teachers in the Thailand basic education system. International Education Studies, 8(6), 1 -8.

Alsamdani, H. A. (2010). The relationship between Saudi EFL students’ writing competence, L1 writing proficiency, and self-regulation. European Journal of Social Science, 16(1), 53-63.

Anderson, L. W., & Krathwohl, D. (2001). A taxonomy for learning, teaching, and assessing: A revision of bloom’s taxonomy of educational objectives. New York: Longman.

Atteberry, E. (2013). Flipped classrooms may not have any impact on learning. USA Today. Retrieved April 3, 2019 from

Avdic, A., & Akerblom, L. (2015). Flipped classroom and learning strategies. Proceedings of 14th European conference on e-Learning. London: Academic Conferences Publishing.

Bakar, N. A., Latiff, H., & Hamat, A. (2013). Enhancing ESL learners speaking skills through an asynchronous online discussion forum. Asian Social Science, 9(9), 224-233. doi: 10. 5539/ass.v9n9 p224.

Benson, P. (2011). Teaching and researching autonomy (2nd ed.). Harlow, UK: Pearson Longman.

Bergman, J., & Sams, A. (2012). Flip your classroom: Reach every student in every class every day. New York: Iste ASCD.

Bergman, J., & Sams, A. (2013). Flip your students’ learning. Educational Leadership, 70(6), 16-20.

Berrett, D. (2012). How flipping the classroom can improve the traditional lecture. The Chronicle of Higher Education. Retrieved on May 21, 2019 from

Bishop, J. L., & Verleger, M. A. (2013). The flipped classroom: A survey of the research. ASEE National Conference Proceedings, Atlanta.

Brame, C. (2013). Flipping the classroom. Retrieved on May 21, 2019 from

Clark, K. (2015). The effects of the flipped model of instruction on student engagement & performance in the secondary mathematics classroom. Journal of Educators Online, 12(1), 91-115.

Curtis, B. J. C., & Graham, C. R. (2006). The handbook of blended learning, global perspectives, local design. San Francisco: Pfeiffer.

Demski, J. (2013). Sic expert tips for flipping the classroom. Campus Technology, 25(5), 32-37.

Fleming, N. D. (2001). Teaching and learning styles: VARK strategies. Honolulu Community College.

Fraga, L. M., & Harmon, J. (2014). The flipped classroom model of learning in higher education: An investigation of preservice teachers’ perspectives and achievement. Journal of Digital Learning in Teacher Education, 31(1), 18-27.

Herreid, C. F., & Schiller, N. A. (2013). Case studies and the flipped classroom. Journal of College Science Teaching, 42(5), 62-66.

Ibrahim, H. A., & Yusoff, S. Z. (2012). Teaching Public Speaking in a Blended Learning Environment. International Journal of Social Science and Humanity, 2(6), 573-576.

Kirkooz, Y. (2011). A blended learning study on implementing video recorded speaking tasks in task-based classroom instruction. The Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology, 10(4), 1-13.

Kurk, G., & Atay, D. (2007). Students’s writing apprehension. Journal of Theory and Practice in Education, 3(1), 12 -23.

Lage, M. G., & Treglia, M. (2000). Inverting the classroom: A gateway to creating an inclusive learning environment. Journal of Economic Education, 31(1), 30-43.

Lemmer, C. (2013). A view from the flip side: Using the inverted classroom to enhance the legal information literacy of the international LLM student. Law Library Journal, 105(4), 46-491.

Lin, L. (2002). The effects of features films upon learners’ motivation, listening & speaking skills: The learner-centered approach. Retrieved from ERIC database (ED 470811).

Nguyen, B. T. (2013). Face-to-face, blended, and online instruction: Comparison of student performance and retention in higher education. Unpublished doctoral dissertation. Retrieved on February 22, 2015 from Proquest Digital Dissertation (AAT 3499473).

Osgerby, I. (2013). Students’ perceptions of the introduction of a blended learning environment: An exploratory case study. Accounting Education, 22(1), 85-99. Retrieved from

Oxford, R. L. (2003). Language learning styles and strategies: An overview. Learning Styles & Strategies. Oxford: GALA.

Pedroni, M., & Meyer, B. (2006). The inverted curriculum in practice. Unpublished Proceedings of SIGCSE 2006, ACM, Houston, Texas.

Prince, M. (2004). Does active learning work? A review of the research. Journal of Engineering Education, 93(3), 223-231.

Rababah, G. (2003). Communication problems facing Arab learners of English: A personal perspective. TEFL Web Journal, 2(1), 15-30.

Rivero, V. (2013). A new model to reach all students in all ways. Internet @ school, 20(1), 14-16.

Sams, A., & Bergmann, J. (2013). Flip your students’ learning. Educational Leadership, 70(6), 16-20.

Street, S. E., Gilliland, K. O., McNeil, C., & Royal, K. (2015). The flipped classroom improved medical student performance and satisfaction in a pre-clinical physiology course. Medical Science Educator, 25(1), 35-43.

Wiginton, B. L. (2013). Flipped instruction: An investigation into the effect of the learning environment on student self-efficacy, learning style, and academic achievement in an Algebra I classroom. Unpublished Dissertation. University of Alabama.

Wu, W. V. V, Chen Hsieh, J. S., & Yang, J. C. (2017). Creating an Online Learning Community in a Flipped Classroom to Enhance EFL Learners’ Oral Proficiency. Educational Technology & Society, 20(2), 142-157.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

View My Stats

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.