M. Fadhly Farhy Abbas, Herdi Herdi


This research is based on the students’ problems in writing argumentative essay, especially in developing and organizing ideas, using good grammar and diction, and applying correct writing mechanics, such as the use of capital letter, spelling, and punctuation. The purpose of this research is to solve the students’ problems in writing argumentative essay through collaborative writing strategy. The design employed in this research was classroom action research. The participants involved in this research were 23 students of English Education Department, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, University of Lancang Kuning Pekanbaru, Indonesia. The instruments used in this research were writing test, field note, observation checklist, and interview. Based on the result of the test, the students’ score had reached the criteria of success set, and it was significantly improved from the result before the research conducted. The mean score of the mid-term test was 54.9, and the mean score of the cycle test was 74.3. In addition, based on the data gained from the field note, observation checklist, and interview, it was found that the students were active, creative, and enjoy the learning process. In conclusion, the use of collaborative writing strategy can solve the students’ problems in writing argumentative essay as well.

Keywords: writing skill; writing aspects; argumentative essay; collaborative writing strategy;  classroom action research.

Full Text:



Abbas, M. F. F. (2018). Assessing EFL students’ ability in developing idea to organize academic essay. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science 175(1), 012-074.

Abbas, M. F. F. (2015). Analysis of students' ability in writing a research proposal. ELT-Lectura, 2(2).

Abbas, M., Fachrurrazy, F., & Wahjudi, A. (2013). Applying collaborative writing process strategy to improve students’ ability in writing a narrative text. disertasi dan tesis Program Pascasarjana UM.

Boun, E. (2009). Argumentative essay. Retrieved June 6, 2017, from www.buowl.boun edu.

Brown, H. D. (2015). Teaching by principles: An interactive approach to language pedagogy (5th ed.). White Plains, New York: Pearson Education.

Fachrurrazy. (2011). Teaching English as a foreign language for teachers in Indonesia. Malang: Universitas Negeri Malang Press.

Housden, E. (2013). Senior text types: A writing guide for students. Farrbooks: Quendsland.

Ibrahim, M. E. E., Eljack, N. S. A., & Elhassan, I. B. M. (2015). To what extent can argumentative essay writing help develop leaners' critical thinking. SUST Journal of Humanities, 16(4).

Isnawati, U.M. (2009). Improving the writing ability of the 11th grade students of MA Hasyim Asy’ari Kembangbahu Lamongan through the implementation of the scaffolding strategy. Unpublished Thesis. Malang: Universitas Negeri Malang.

Lestari, Setyowati, S., Sukmawan, & Latief, M. A. (2017). Solving the students’ problems in writing argumentative essay through the provision of planning. A Journal of Culture, English Language, Teaching & Literature, 17(1), 87-102.

Sarmidi. (2009). The use of directed writing activity strategy to enhance the students’ skill in writing recount texts at MTSN Margoyoso-Pati. Unpublished master’s thesis. Malang: Universitas Negeri Malang.

Soraya, K. (2016). The effectiveness of collaborative writing strategy (CWS) in writing lesson regarded to the students’ creativity. Lingua Cultura, 10(2), 63-67.

Wahyuni, S. (2017). Improving students` ability in writing through collaborative writing strategy at the islamic junior high school Muhammadiyah 01 Medan. Unpublished thesis. Medan: Department of English Education Faculty of Tarbiyah and Teacher Training State Islamic University of North Sumatera. Retrieved from

Zuhri, S. (2009). Improving the ability in writing a recount text of the first year-students of MAN Wlingi through collaborative writing strategy. Unpublished master’s Thesis. Malang: Universitas Negeri Malang.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2018 English Review: Journal of English Education