Yeni Oktarina, Rita Inderawati, Ismail Petrus


The specification of the materials taught is one of the characteristics of teaching English at vocational high school. The materials should be appropriately designed or developed for the students to enhance their comprehension and to facilitate subject matter. The aim of this research is to look into students' needs for developing English reading materials based on Palembang culture, as determined by the feedback of students and teacher. Through a questionnaire and interview, the data were obtained. The data was quantitatively and qualitatively analysed. The results of the study revealed that 1) students are still experiencing some difficulty in reading comprehension, 2) a recount text is necessary; 3) English reading materials need to be integrated with students' local culture; and 4) no English reading material has been made available to incorporate the students' local culture, particularly in the field of tourism destination of Palembang. Due to needs, reading materials must be developed through the integration of local culture that matches the level of reading and supports the content of the topics.


Needs analysis; vocational high school; reading materials; local culture; 21st century learning.

Full Text:



Ainsworth, B.A., Redpath, S.M., Wilson, M., Wernham, C., & Young, J.C. (2020). Integrating scientific and local knowledge to address conservation conflicts: Towards a practical framework based on lessons learned from a Scottish case study. Environmental Science & Policy, 107(1), 46-55.

Alsamadani, H. A. (2017). Need analysis in ESP context: Saudi engineering students as a case study. ALLS, 8(6), 58-68.

Azizah, N., Inderawati, R. & Vianty, M. (2020). Bangka-culture-based descriptive reading materials for tour and travel in SMK: Students’ needs analysis. English Review: Journal of English Education, 9(1), 21-34.

Bao, Dat. (2016). Improvements in today’s ELT materials development. In Azarnaoosh, Maryam, et. all. (Ed), Issues in Materials Development. Sense Publisher.

Brown, J. D. (2009). Foreign and second language need analysis. In M.H. Long and C. J. Doughty (Eds.), The handbook of language learning (pp. 269-293). Wiley-Blackwell.

Checaria, K.A., Petrus, I., & Inderawati, R. (2021). Descriptive Reading Materials: Palembang Tourist Destination. Yogyakarta: Spasi Book.

Chetsadanuwat, K. (2018). Needs of English skills of Thai nurses working in international hospitals accredited by JCI in Bangkok area. LEARN Journal,1(1), 26-46.

Dehghan, F. & Sadighi, F. (2011). On the cultural schema and Iranian EFL learners’ reading performance: A case of local and global items. Journal of Pan-Pacific Association of Applied Linguistics, 15(2), 97-108.

Elviana, R., Inderawati, R., & Mirizon, S. (2020). Developing interactive multimedia for teaching descriptive texts based on Palembang local culture. Indonesian EFL Journal, 6(1), 19-26. https://doi: 10.25134/ieflj.v6i1.2634.

Fu, W. (2018). Read from local to global: A culture-based reading material. Advance in Social Sciences Research Journal, 5(3), 57-65.

Gleason, H. S. Jr., (1961). An Introduction to Descriptive Linguistics. Oxford and IBH Publishing Company.

Harmer, J. (2001). How to Teach English: An Introduction to The Practice of English Language Teaching (7th ed.). Addison Wesley Longman.

Herawati, N., Inderawati, R., & Mirizon, S. (2020). Developing Islamic instructional descriptive reading materials for the seventh graders. Jurnal Pendidikan Progresif, 10(2), 312-326.

Hutchinson, T., & Waters, A. (1987). English for Specific Purposes: A Learning-Centred Approach. Cambridge University Press.

Inderawati, R., Petrus, I., Eryansyah., & Meilinda. (2021). Needs analysis of vocational high school textbook to local culture materials and the 21st century competencies. English Review: Journal of English Education, 9(2), 245-252.

Kayaoglu, M. N., & Akbas, R. D. (2016). An investigation into medical students’ English language needs. Participatory Educational Research, 1, 63-71.

Komiyama, R. (2009). CAR: A means for motivating students to read. English Teaching Forum. 47(3), 32-36.

Krashen, S. D., & Terrell, T.D. (1983). The natural approach: Language acquisition in the classroom. Pergamon. Almany.

Kumbara, L.H., Inderawati, R., & Eryansyah. (2021). Developing Sekayu local culture- based descriptive texts. Eralingua: Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa Asing dan Sastra, 5(1), 120-133.

Lee, C. L. (2016). Principles and practices of ESP course design- a case study of a university of science and technology. International Journal of Learning, Teaching and Educational Research, 15(2), 94-105.

Li, L. (2020). Education supply chain in the era of Industry 4.0. System Research and Behavioral Science,37(4), 579-592.

Limberg, H. (2016). Teaching how to apologize: EFL textbooks and pragmatic input. Language Teaching Research, 20(6), 700–718.

Nambiar, R.M.K., Ibrahim, N., Hashim, R.S., Yasin, R.M., Azman, H., Yusof, N.M., Ramli, S., & Mustaffa, R. (2020). Impact of local culture-based reading materials on students' skill development and confidence in english. Universal Journal of Educational Research 8(2): 445-453.htpps:// 10.13189/ujer.2020.080215

Nica, A., Petrus, I., & Vianty, M. (2021). Developing descriptive reading materials about Palembang historical buildings. English Review: Journal of English Education, 9(2), pp.293-300.

Nguyen, C.D., & Dang, T.C.T. (2020). Second language teacher education in response to local needs: Preservice teachers of English learning to teach diverse learners in communities. tesol QUARTERLY, 54(2), 404-435.

Mckay, S. L. (2003). Toward an appropriate EIL pedagogy: Re-examining ELT assumptions. International Journal of Applied Linguistic, 13(1).

Ministry of National Education. (2016). Peraturan Menteri Pendidikan Dan Kebudayaan Republik Indonesia No.20 Tahun 2016 Tentang Standar Kompetensi Lulusan Pendidikan Dasar Dan Menengah. Jakarta: Ministry of National Education, the Republic of Indonesia

Mukminatien, N. (2009). Implementasi cooperative learning dengan collaborative assesement untuk meningkatkan keterampilan mahasiswa pascasarjana dalam mengajar writing. Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra, Seni dan Pengajarannya. 1(2), 76-90.

Murti,M., Krisna.D., Gunarhadi.G., & Winarno,W. (2020). Development of educational comic with local wisdom to foster morality of elementary school students: A need analysis. International Journal of Educational Methodology, 6(2), 337-343.

Nambiar, R.M. K., Ibrahim, N., Hashim, R.S., Yasin, R.M., Azman, H., Yusof, N.M., Ramli, R., & Mustaffa, M. (2020). Impact of local culture-based reading materials on students' skill development and confidence in English. Universal Journal of Educational Research, 8(2): 445-453

OECD. (2018) PISA 2018 result in focus. PISA.

Petrovska, I. (2001). Teaching intercultural communication in the global language classroom. 545-553.

Rahamdina, Harahap, A., & Sofyan, D. (2019). Need analysis of english for tour and travel department of vocational high school in Bengkulu city. Journal of Applied Linguistic and Literature,4(1), 1-12.

Regmi,M. (2011). The Role of Local Culture and Context in English Language Teaching. Wordpress.

Rhahima, A., Inderawati, R., Eryansyah . (2021). Students’ needs analysis for the development of electronic descriptive reading materials for hotel accommodation program in VHS. Eralingua: Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa Asing dan Sastra , 5 (2), 470-482

Septiana, I., Petrus, I., & Inderawati, R. (2020). Needs analysis-based English syllabus for cumputer science students of Bina Darma University. English Review: Journal of English Education, 8 (2). DOI:

Suyadi. (2016). English for Specific Purposes for accounting students. International Journal of Innovation and Research in Educational Sciences ,3(2), 2349–5219.

Tenridinanti, T., B., Inderawati, R., & Mirizon, S. (2021). Climate change-based report texts for senior high school: A mix method study. Jurnal Pendidikan Progresif, 11(3), 610-625. doi: 10.23960/ jpp.v11.i3.202112.

Tomlinson, B. (2012). Materials development for language learning and teaching. Language Teaching, 45(2), 143–179.

Vongvilay, Kartika, D & Laila, M.(2020). Need analysis of English material for vocational school of health: A case study at one school at Karanganyar. Journal of Language Teaching and Literature, 7(2), 360-368.

Wu, J. R., & Low, Y. G. (2018). Need analysis of Chinese chemical engineering and technology undergraduate students in Yangtze university in English for spesifics purposes. Creative Education,9, 2592-2603.

Wulandari, A. A., Vianty, M., & Fiftinova. (2018). Using local culture as teaching materials for improving students’ reading comprehension. The Journal of English Literacy Education (The Teaching and Learning of English as A Foreign Language, 5(1), 11-24.

Yousef, H., Karimi, L., & Janfeshan, K. (2014). The relationship between cultural background and reading comprehension. Theory and Practice in Language Studies, 4(4), 707-714.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2022 English Review: Journal of English Education