Andi Mukarramah Nagauleng, Ahmad Mustamir Waris


 The spread of Covid-19 in Indonesia forces teachers and students to conduct the online learning-teaching process independently. Online learning is carried out to protect teachers-students and reduce the number of people affected by the virus. Thus, this present study aims to discuss how independent learning in online English class put into practice at school, discover students’ perceptions of independent learning in online English classes and its challenges during the Covid-19 pandemic. This present study relays on mixed methods research design. Qualitative and Quantitative data were collected through a survey using a google form. Qualitative data were analyzed by coding, classifying, explaining, and concluding. Meanwhile, quantitative data were analyzed using the Likert scale method through SPSS ver. 23. The results show that in the learning-teaching process during the covid-19 pandemic, students learn independently using learning-teaching materials provided by English teachers. Besides, students use media such as YouTube to help them understand the material given by teachers. Students claim that independent online English learning is ineffective since students find difficulties in understanding materials. Although students use technology to support the learning-teaching process, it does not work well since the internet connection is unstable and internet quotas are limited. Therefore, teachers should manage independent online learning properly to enable students to achieve the goal of the learning-teaching process. Teachers should organize and control the learning-teaching process according to current needs; planning, implementation, and assessment.


education quality; independent learning; English; online class; Covid-19.

Full Text:



Åkerblad, L., Seppänen-Järvelä, R., & Haapakoski, K. (2021). Integrative strategies in mixed methods research. Journal of Mixed Methods Research, 15(2), 152-170.

Altunay, D. (2019). EFL students’ views on distance english language learning in a public university in turkey. Studies in English Language Teaching, 7(1), 121-134.

Anwas, E. O. M., Sugiarti, Y., Permatasari, A. D., Warsihna, J., Anas, Z., Alhapip, L., Siswanto, H. W., & Rivalina, R. (2020). Social media usage for enhancing english language skill. International Journal of Interactive Mobile Technologies, 14(7), 41-57.

Atmojo, A. E. P., & Nugroho, A. (2020). EFL classes must go online! teaching activities and challenges during covid-19 pandemic in Indonesia. Register Journal, 13(1), 49-76.

Azmiyyah, H., & Lianawati, A. (2021). Profile of self-adjustment and level of academic stress during online learning in higher education. ProGCouns: Journal of Professionals in Guidance and Counseling, 2(2), 81-87.

Bailey, D., Almusharraf, N., & Hatcher, R. (2021). Finding satisfaction: intrinsic motivation for synchronous and asynchronous communication in the online language learning context. Education and Information Technologies, 26(1), 2563-2583.

Chung, S. J., & Choi, L. J. (2021). The development of sustainable assessment during the covid-19 pandemic: The case of the english language program in south korea. Sustainability, 13(8), 4499-451.

Dhillon, S., & Murray, N. (2021). An investigation of EAP teachers’ views and experiences of E-learning technology. Education Sciences, 11(2), 1-16.

Ellis, P. (2021). Mixed methods. Wounds, 17(3), 112-114.

Eryani, Y., & Mulyanti, B. (2021). Technology-based blended learning to accommodate offline and online learning. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering.

Ezra, O., Cohen, A., Bronshtein, A., Gabbay, H., & Baruth, O. (2021). Equity factors during the COVID-19 pandemic: Difficulties in emergency remote teaching (ert) through online learning. Education and Information Technologies, 26(6), 7657-7681.

Faizah, U., Ambarwati, R., & Rahayu, D. A. (2021). From offline to online learning: Various efforts to secure the learning process during covid-19 outbreaks. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, Conf. Ser. 1747 012002, 1-6.

Ghosh, S., Muduli, A., & Pingle, S. (2021). Role of e-learning technology and culture on learning agility: An empirical evidence. Human Systems Management, 40(2), 235-248. 10.3233/HSM-201028

Gupta, S. (2021). Students’ perception towards learning platforms: A comparative analysis of online and offline learning. International Journal of Engineering and Management Research, 11(4), 149-176.

Harrison, R. L., Reilly, T. M., & Creswell, J. W. (2020). Methodological rigor in mixed methods: An application in management studies. Journal of Mixed Methods Research, 14(1), 1-23.

Hazaymeh, W. A. (2021). EFL students’ perceptions of online distance learning for enhancing English language learning during Covid-19 Pandemic. International Journal of Instruction, 14(3), 501-518.

Hikmawati, H., Sari, K. I. W., Malkan, M., Andani, T. G., & Habibah, F. N. (2021). Pengembangan literasi digital guru dan siswa melalui program kampus mengajar di SMPN 19 Mataram. Unram Journal of Community Service, 2(3), 83-88.

Huang, R., Tlili, A., Wang, H., Shi, Y., Bonk, C. J., Yang, J., & Burgos, D. (2021). Emergence of the online-merge-offline (OMO) learning wave in the post-COVID-19 era: A pilot study. Sustainability, 13(6), 3512-3522.

Indiani, B. (2020). Mengoptimalkan proses pembelajaran dengan media daring pada masa pandemi covid-19. Sipatokkong BPSDM Sulawesi Selatan.

Jung, Y. M. (2019). Data analysis in quantitative research. In Handbook of Research Methods in Health Social Sciences, 13(2), 955-969. .

Khoiriyah, H., Waris, A. M., & Juhansar, J. (2019). The students’ achievement in pronouncing english song using smule application. Indonesian EFL Journal, 5(1), 45-58.

Mardesci, H. (2020). The effect of online learning on university students’ learning motivation. Jurnal Pendidikan dan Pembelajaran, 27(1), 42-47.

Milheim, K. L., Fraenza, C., & Palermo-Kielb, K. (2021). Supporting student-initiated mobile device use in online learning. Online Learning Journal, 25(3), 267-288.

Mudra, H. (2020). Digital literacy among young learners: How do EFL teachers and learners view its benefits and barriers? Teaching English with Technology, 20(3), 3-24.

Myers, J. P., & Rivero, K. (2019). Preparing globally competent preservice teachers: The development of content knowledge, disciplinary skills, and instructional design. Teaching and Teacher Education, 77(1), 214-225.

Papoutsi, F., & Rangoussi, M. (2020). Pedagogical agents in e-learning: A review of recent (2009-2019) research results. ACM International Conference Proceeding Series.

Purwadi, Saputra, W. N. E., Wahyudi, A., Supriyanto, A., Muyana, S., Rohmadheny, P. S., Ariyanto, R. D., & Kurniawan, S. J. (2021). Student perceptions of online learning during the covid-19 pandemic in Indonesia: A study of phenomenology. European Journal of Educational Research, 10(3), 1515-1528.

Putra, R. W. P. (2021). Improving the students’ motivation in learning english through google meet during the online learning. English Learning Innovation, 2(1), 35-42.

Rahman, A. (2021). Using students’ experience to derive effectiveness of covid-19-lockdown-induced emergency online learning at undergraduate level: Evidence from Assam, India. Higher Education for the Future, 8(1), 71-89.

Rakhmanina, L., Martina, F., Halolo, F. B., Syafryadin, S., & Noermanzah, N. (2021). Students’ Perception on online english learning during covid-19 pandemic era. Silampari Bisa: Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan Bahasa Indonesia, Daerah, dan Asing, 3(2), 428-439.

Rochmawati, L., Fatmawati., Sukma, M. M., & Sonhaji, I. (2021). Online learning motivation for Aviation English: Attitude, readiness, and demographic factors. Journal of English Educators Society, 6(1), 1-8.

Rumahlatu, D., Sangur, K., Berhitu, M. M., Kainama, S. Y., Kakisina, V. V., & Latupeirissa, C. (2021). Resource based learning design thinking (RBLDT): A model to improve students’ creative thinking skills, concept gaining, and digital literacy. Cypriot Journal of Educational Sciences, 16(1), 288-302.

Sanoto, H. (2021). Online learning management in the covid-19 pandemic era. Journal of Education, Teaching and Learning, 6(1), 47-52.

Scherbaum, C. A., & Shockley, K. M. (2020). Conducting quantitative data analysis. In analysing Quantitative Data for Business and Management Students.

Serevina, V., & Priane, W. T. (2021). Development of online learning device based on demonstration models on heat transfer materials. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 1876 012074, 1-9.

Snyder, K., Koustas, S., & Jillson, C. (2020). Sustainability reporting at universities with multiple platforms. Sustainability, 13(5), 23-34.

Sobri, M., Nursaptini, N., & Novitasari, S. (2020). Mewujudkan kemandirian belajar melalui pembelajaran berbasis daring di perguruan tinggi pada era industri 4.0. Jurnal Pendidikan Glasser, 4(1), 33-47.

Suwarno, B. (2020). Acquisition planning for regional indigenous heritage languages in Indonesia. Sage Journals, 25(2), 1-15.

Uswatunnisa, U. (2020). An analyzing of english national exam: Test of english proficiency for student. ELT Worldwide: Journal of English Language Teaching, 7(1), 62-69.

Utami, F. S., Pabbajah, M., & Juhansar, J., (2018). The implementation of jumbled-sentences toward students’ skill in writing report text. English Review: Journal of English Education, 7(1), 115-124. doi: 10.25134/erjee.v7i1.1501.

WHO. (2020). Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19): Situation Report – 38. 27 February 2020. In WHO.

Wijayanengtias, M., & Claretta, D. (2020). Student perceptions of online learning during the covid-19 pandemic. Kanal: Jurnal Ilmu Komunikasi, 9(1), 16-21.

Zein, S. (2019). English, multilingualism and globalisation in Indonesia. English Today, 35(1), 48-53.

Zulfa, S., & Effendi, A. (2021). Teacher’s illocutionary acts in online learning interactions. Jurnal Pendidikan dan Pengajaran, 54(1), 28-37.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2022 English Review: Journal of English Education