Marwito Wihadi


Abstract: High Intermediate-2 students’ brief responses in a discussion forum cause a long-expected discussion last in a couple of minutes in mixed-ability classes, depicting a minority of students are overtly dominant, while others are precisely passive. What yields discussions endure immaturely stems from both unclear roles of participants and their inadequate techniques to expand both interactions and  spoken discourse. Therefore, Teacher-researcher assigned each participant in a discussion group of three to put reflection into practice, referring to the self-selected and discussed topics. The data were gained through non-participant observations, in which the teacher-researcher observed and recorded a singled-out group. A sample recording was, subsequently, transcribed and analyzed regarding with the number of exchanges in a ï¬ve-minute discussion intake and the number of content words that students generated. It was found that employing  reflective techniques, students were able to keep a particular topic being discussed at full. As a result, the number of content words multiplied. These ï¬ndings resulted classroom teachers in insightful use of  reflective techniques as one of the ways to proliferate students’ beneï¬ts in a discussion forum. Adequately practiced, students would be able to employ the techniques preponderantly,  multiplying interactions among discussion members.

Keywords:  reflective techniques, students’ interactions, utterances, discussion forum.

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