Neisya Neisya, Fitria Aprilia, Anisa Syafiah Rahmah


This research discusses the traumatic memory of Desmond Doss and analyzes Herndon’s narrative reconstruction of Desmond’s traumatic memory in his novel. This research uses the post-memory theory by Hirsch, through Freytag’s pyramid approach. The qualitative method and literary memory are use in this research. Data were acquired from the documentary interview, and the paragraphs that existed on every page of the novel. The researchers collected the date through four steps: exploration, reduction, abstraction, and read intensively. This research reveals that Desmond Doss experienced seven traumatic memories; he was frightened of the gun, intimidated, humiliated, lost his friend, Japanese Army strategies, and the aftermath. To make it entertaining to read, Herndon caught Desmond’s traumatic memory and reconstructed the narratives into his novel. To fulfill Herndon's and the reader’s satisfaction, he exaggerates and lessens some of the actual events. The purpose of narrative reconstruction in this novel was to modify what the author could not do in the past and fix it in the novel through his imaginative investment, along with highlighting the heroic story of Desmond Doss.


Narrative reconstruction; traumatic memory, post-memory; World War II.

Full Text:



Altenberg B. (2019). In the shadow of Shuri Castle: The battle of Okinawa in memory. (Master thesis, Chapman University, Orange, California).

Benedict T. (Director). (2004). The Conscientious Objector [Film]. US: Chaparral West & D’Artagnan Entertainment, LLC.

Bressmer, A. (2022, May 23). Freytag’s Pyramid: Definition, Examples, and Usage. Retrieved from

Burhanuddin, M. (2017). The journey of Desmond Doss in Hacksaw Ridge. (Bachelor thesis, UIN Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta, Indonesia). Retrieved from

Creswell, J. W. (2014). Research design: qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches (4th ed.). California, US: SAGE Publications.

Eldridge, R. D. (2020). The battle of Okinawa: Could more civilian have been saved? The Japan Times. Retrieved from

Endraswara, S. (2022). Metodologi Penelitian Memori Sastra (Konsep, Perspektif, dan Aplikasi). Purbalingga, Indonesia: Eureka Media Aksara.

Ernawati, Y. (2019). Memori traumatis dalam novel Jawa Kadang Suriname Sanak Merapi karya Fuji Riang Prastowo: Kajian postmemory. Lokabasa: Jurnal Kajian Bahasa, Sastra, Dan Budaya Daerah Serta Pengajarannya, 10(1), 108–116.

Fleury J S. (2023). Pearl Harbour on attack. London, UK: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing.

Herndon, B. (2016). Redemption at Hacksaw Ridge: The gripping true story that inspired the movie. Coldwater, MI: Remnant Publications.

Hirsch, M. (2008). The generation of postmemory. Poetics Today, 29(1), 103–128.

Hirsch, M. (2012a). Family frames: Photography, narrative, and postmemory. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Hirsch, M. (2012b). The Generation of Postmemory: Writing and Visual Culture After the Holocaust. New York, US: Columbia University Press.

Khandhar, D. A., & Mani, M. (2015). The Role of Culture and Society in the Development of Plot in Tanushree Podder’s Escape from Harem and Gita Mehta’s A River Sutra: A Feminist Reading. International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences, 56, 44–49.

Mađerek, P. (2017). War: Glory or doom of

humankind. University of Osijek. Retrieved from

Nugroho, A. R. (2022). Postmemory: Transmisi Memori dan Rekonsiliasi dalam Novel Next Year In Havana karya Chanel Cleeton. Aksara, 34(1), 61–72.

Puddy, W. C., Blankinship, L. A., Bernstein, J., & Aboul-Enein, B. H. (2019). Revisiting Desmond Doss (1919–2006): Merging Combat Medicine and Benevolence on the Battlefield. The Journal of Emergency Medicine, 56(1), 114–119.

Puspitasari, L., & Neisya, N. (2022). Political History in 18th century Of Gulliver’s Travels by Jonathan Swift. Retrieved from

Short, K. (2015, August 12). Literature in conflict: Children’s literature in World War Two [Blog post]. Retrieved from

The National WWII Museum. (2020, October 12). Private First Class Desmond Doss Medal of Honor. The National WWII Museum. Retrieved from

Tzeng, M. (2000). The Battle of Okinawa, 1945: Final turning point in the Pacific. History Teacher, 95–117.

Wangania, S. C., Kodong, F., & Rattu, J. A. J. (2019). Tindak Ujar Kompetitif dan Konfliktif dalam film Hacksaw Ridge karya Mel Gibson. Jurnal Elektronik Fakultas Sastra Universitas Sam Ratulangi, 2(2). Retrieved from

Yanti, C., & Neisya, N. (2021). Kemampuan menganalisis unsur intrinsik karya sastra. Jurnal Ilmiah Bina Edukasi, 14(1), 69–80.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2023 English Review: Journal of English Education